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I. MULTIPLE CHOICE
Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statement or question, four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statement or answers the question. Write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space on the ANSWER SHEET.(30 points, 1 point each)
1. Britain was originally a part of the continent.
A. Asian B. African
C. American D. European
2. The suffix -caster in English place names such as Lancaster derives from the Latin word
castra, which means
A. camp B. port
C. fort D. villa
3. The Hundred Years'War was an intermittent war between England and A. Germany B. Holland
C. France D. Italy
4. One important effect of the laws making Henry VIII's reform possible was the stress on
he power of
A. the nobility B. the church
C. the parliament D. the monarch
5. Regarded as the greatest writer in the English language, William Shakespeare composed
A. novels B. plays
C. essays D. sonnets
6. Instead of giving the poor people sufficient money to survive in their own homes,
forced them into workhouses.
A. the Reform Act of 1832 B. the New Poor Law of 1834
C. the People's Charter of 1838 D. the Combination Acts of 1799- 1809
7. On July 7,2005, hit London. It was Britain's worst attack since World War Ⅱ. A. a terrorist bombing B. a tornado
C. an earthquake D. a fire
8. In much of Northern Ireland, the secondary schools that prepare pupils for higher
education are called
A. grammar schools B. private schools
C. comprehensive schools D. secondary modern schools
9. Of the following British newspapers, has consistently supported the Conservative
A. The Guardian B. The Daily Telegraph
C. Daily Mirror D. The Sun
10. As an important river in the US, has been called"father of waters".
A. the Missouri B. the Colorado
C. the Mississippi D. the Columbia
11. The political theory behind the American War of Independence originated with the
A. Bertrand Russell B. Francis Bacon
C. David Hume D. John Locke
12. In 1919, the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution was adopted, giving American
women the right
A. to employment B. to abortion
C. to education D. to vote
13. The 1920s in the United States is generally regarded as a time of and spiritual
A. political turbulenceB. cultural revival
C. material successD. land scarcity
14. In February 1972, the US president visited China, and the two countries issued
the Shanghai Communique.
A. Richard Nixon B. Lyndon B.Johnson
C. John F. Kennedy D. Dwight D.Eisenhower
15. in 1991 marked the end of the Cold War.
A. The outbreak of the Gulf WarB. The collapse of the Soviet Union
C. The reunion of GermanyD. The US invasion of Panama
16. What was the main campaign issue in the presidential election of 1860 in the United
A. Expansion. B. Reconstruction.
C. Slavery. D. Reform.
17. Alexander Graham Bell was awarded the first US patent for A. the radio B. the telephone
C. the television D. the phonograph
18. In 1851, there were 25,000 Chinese laborers working in the industry in California. A. mining B. steel
C. lumber D. construction
19. The most abundant form of plant life in Canada is boreal forest, which lies in the
A. north B. south
C. east D. west
20. In Canada. is the largest French-speaking city outside France. A. Ottawa B. Montreal
C.Toronto D. Vancouver
21. In 1949, joined Canada as its last province.
A. Newfoundland B. Alberta
C. British Columbia D. Prince Edward Island
22. The main purpose of "guidebook novels", the earliest works of written fiction in Australia,
A. attract immigrants to Australia
B. instruct new settlers in survival skills
C. recommend sightseeing spots to visitors
D. introduce farming techniques to Aborigines
23. The three largest cities in Australia are Sydney, and Brisbane.
A. Canberra B. Melbourne
C. Adelaide D. Perth
24. The secret ballot is universally known as the ballot.
A. British B. Australian
C. Canadian D. Irish
25. A common nickname for New Zealanders is
A. Takahes B. Moas
C.Kakapos D. Kiwis
26. New Zealand and Australia signed in 1944, claiming a voice in the postwar affairs
of the Pacific
A. the Statute of Westminster B. the Land for Settlements Act
C. the Canberra Pact D. the ANZUS Treaty
27. The largest city of New Zealand is
A. Christchurch B. Wellington
C.Auckland D. Hamilton
28. Ireland enjoys a western maritime climate because of the predominant influence of
A. the Irish Sea B. the North Sea
C. the Atlantic Ocean D. the Arctic Ocean
29. As an annual celebration in Dublin,"Bloomsday"honors
A. Jonathan Swift B. James Joyce
C. Seamus Heaney D. William Butler Yeats
30. The president of the Irish republic is elected directly by the public for a term of
A. four B. five
C. six D. seven
I. BLANK FILLING
Choose 10 answers from the box and write the correct letter in the blanks 31-40 on the ANSWER SHEET.(20 points,2 points each)
31."Chunnel"is a channel that joins England and France together.
32. Although has been regarded as the foundation of English liberties, it was a
statement of the feudal and legal relationship between the Crown and the barons.
33.On the death of in 1952, Princess Elizabeth was crowned Queen Elizabeth Ⅱ.
34. In the US, are the basis of the political system.
35. The first black person to graduate from the University of Mississippi was
36. In 1932,the American people chose as their next president who promised a"new deal"to get America out of the depression.
37. In Canada, a strong sense of has resulted from a combination of physical barriers
and a scattered population.
38. Australia has a written Constitution which can be changed only by
39. The culture of New Zealand shows the strong influence of the people who came to the region much earlier than Europeans.
40. Since the conversion to Christianity, has been Ireland's principal religion.
A. Magna Carta
B. political parties
C. James Meredith
E. Roman Catholicism
H. George VI
J. Edward VIII
L. Franklin D.Roosevelt
III. TERM EXPLANATION
Define the following terms in English. Write your answers on the ANSWER SHEET in around 40 words.(10 points,5 points each)
41. The Cuban Missile Crisis
42. Quebec Separatism
IV. SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS
Give a brief answer to each of the following questions. You are required to use complete sentences. Write your answers on the ANSWER SHEET.(30 points, 3
43. What has been done in Britain in response to the 1952 London smog?
44. What was the trend of internal migration in Britain at the end of the 20th century?
45. How many times has the UK hosted summer Olympic Games? And in which city?
46. Why are Alaska and Hawaii called the New States?
47. At the time of the American Revolution, what did the people in the colonies mean when they declared"No taxation without representation"?
48. What was the assembly-line method of making cars introduced by Henry Ford?
49. What has shaped and reshaped Canada's heterogeneous population?
50. What was the main cause of the 1975 constitutional crisis in Australia?
51. Why are most of New Zealand's native plant and animal species not found anywhere else
in the world?
52. What is the role of the pub in Irish people's daily life?
V. ESSAY QUESTION
Write 100-120 words on the following topic on the ANSWER SHEET.(10 points)
53. What did the Norman Conquest result in?